The RDC is the highest policy-making body in the region and serves as the counterpart of the NEDA Board at the sub-national level. It is the primary institution that coordinates and sets the direction of all economic and social development efforts in the region.
The RDC is the primary institution that coordinates and sets the direction of all economic and social development efforts in the region. It also serves as a forum where local efforts can be related and integrated with national development activities.
The RDC was established by virtue of Letter of Implementation No. 22 issued on 31 December 1972 pursuant to the implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972. Its present constitutional foundation rests on Article X, Section 14 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which states that:
“The President shall provide for regional development councils, or other similar bodies composed of local government officials, regional heads of departments and other offices, and representatives from non-government organizations within the region for purposes of administrative decentralization to strengthen the autonomy of units therein and to accelerate the economic and social development of the units in the region.”
To carry out this provision, Executive Order 308 was issued on 05 November 1987, which reorganized the RDC. Subsequent amendments include EOs 318 (s.1988), 347 and 366 (s. 1989), 455 (s.1991) and 505 (s. 1992). On 12 April 1996, the foregoing EOs were repealed with the issuance of EO 325 signed by President Fidel V. Ramos. This latest issuance further strengthened the RDCs to make it more responsive to new developments in socio-political fields and to ensure sustainable and broad-based development process.